Medications to Treat Hemorrhoidal Tissue

Hemorrhoidal Medications: An Overview

The drugstore contains many effective over-the-counter remedies that have been proven effective at soothing hemorrhoidal tissue.  While a holistic approach to hemroidal treatment that takes into account lifestyle factors as the cause of hemroids is best overall, these medications can be a helpful part of any treatment regimen and can provide instant relief of hemorrhoidal symptoms.

There are many ingredients that are commonly found in most hemroid remedies.  The following are some of the most common types of ingredients used to sooth hemorrhoidal tissue:

Local Anesthetics

Many topical hemroid treatment products contain local anesthetics which relieve hemorrhoidal pain by numbing the hemroidal tissue.  These products generally work for a few hours and then reapplication is required.  But because they are portable and easy to apply, you can conveniently take them with you to work or wherever your day takes you.  Some popular local anesthetics that you will find in medicines designed for hemorrhoidal relief are Dibucaine, Benzocaine, Benzyl alcohol, and Lidocaine.  When applied to hemroidal tissue, they instantly numb the area and provide soothing relief of the discomfort so common with hemroids.


Keratolytics are ingredients commonly added to hemroidal medications as a secondary ingredient to other active ingredients.  Keratolytics are exfoliants and work to slough off dead skin, thus allowing the other active ingredients to penetrate the hemorrhoidal tissue more deeply in order to provide more effective relief.  Ingredients such as Resorcinol and Alcloxa are keratolytics commonly used in hemorrhoidal remedies.  One important point to note about these ingredients is that they gently exfoliate the skin without irritating already inflamed hemorrhoidal tissue.


Protectants, like keratolytics, are another ingredient commonly added to hemorrhoid medications as a secondary ingredient that works in conjunction with other active ingredients.  Protectants help soothe inflamed and irritated hemorrhoidal tissue.  Ingredients such as kaolin, mineral oil, cocoa butter, aluminum hydroxide, glycerin, and petrolatum are all examples of protectants which are added to hemroidal medications to help add moisture and protection to sensitive hemroidal skin.  These ingredients also promote healing of hemorrhoidal tissue by providing a protective barrier against chafing and further irritation.


Antipruritics are added to hemroidal medications to aid in soothing hemorrhoidal tissue.  They work by basically tricking the brain into focusing on a different overall sensation in the anal area instead of focusing on the discomfort of your hemroidal tissue.  Antipruritics produce a numbing or cooling sensation in the anal tissue.  Some common examples of antipruritics that are often found in medications for hemroid relief are menthol, juniper, camphor and cypress.  Many times more than one antipruritic is used to provide relief to hemroidal tissue.


Astringents are added to hemroid medications to relieve the itching, swelling, and other discomfort associated with bleeding hemroidal tissues.  Similar to antipruritics, astringents refresh and cool the irritated hemroidal tissue.  Astringent ingredients like witch hazel are used in many hemroid remedies to help to shrink down painful hemorrhoidal tissue to provide sufferers with instant relief.


Vasoconstrictors are one of the most common ingredients used in over-the-counter hemroid medications as anti-inflammatories.   They work to shrink the constricted veins located on engorged hemorrhoidal tissues in the anus and surrounding area.   Vasoconstrictors are usually found in topical creams that can be applied by hand to external hemorrhoids or by the use a pile pipe to internal hemorrhoidal tissue.